The Pollution Prevention Roundtable recently produced a comprehensive guide to Green Chemistry.
“Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminates the use or generation of hazardous substances in the design, manufacture and application of chemical products.”
Anastas, P. and Warner, J. 1998. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press
As more and more companies, businesses, and industries begin to look for ways to improve their environmental footprint, there will be an increasing need for state environmental quality and pollution prevention agencies to be able to offer the resources and information their clients are seeking. While a high level of expertise currently exists at the state level with regard to pollution prevention strategies, resources, and measurement, there is less experience with and knowledge of the newer landscape of green chemistry and what that means for front-of-pipe changes, life-cycle analysis, and demands for change along different points along the supply chain.
This manual provides state agencies and technical assistance providers with tools and resources to better serve their clients who are looking for information and support on greening their operations, supply chains, processes, and products. The manual is organized into ten chapters and three appendices of supporting resources:
Chapter 1 is an inspiration for the manual and the introduction to the principles and tenets of green chemistry.
Chapter 2 describes how green chemistry drives the pollution prevention (P2) strategy, discusses the interconnectedness of sustainability with green chemistry and P2, and introduces the concept of life-cycle thinking.
Chapter 3 discusses the supporting principles for green chemistry and explains the components of a product life-cycle analysis.
Chapter 4 explains green engineering and green chemistry principles, relates green engineering principles to P2 concepts, and provides case studies of green engineering being incorporated into manufacturing processes.
Chapter 5 appraises the green chemistry mindset from different vantage points and explains the beneficial outcomes for companies that embrace green chemistry principles. 2
Chapter 6 presents an overview of software tools and guidance documents that can be used for implementing Green Chemistry principles.
Chapter 7 builds the business case for Green Chemistry and describes the steps needed for initiating a successful program.
Chapter 8 describes implementation of sustainability practices into business models, integrating Pollution Prevention and Green Chemistry strategies into the models.
Chapter 9 concludes the manual with a discussion on how to maintain success, and the value of recognition and award programs and provides examples of such programs for Green Chemistry/Green Engineering.
Chapter 10 presents the Green Chemistry checklist, courtesy of Michigan Green Chemistry Roundtable.
Chapter 11 the Appendix, contains three sub-sections: Subsection A is a brief history of Green Chemistry, Subsection B contains resources for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering and complements Chapter 4, and Subsection C presents a case study of safer chemical substitution and complements Chapter 7.